Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Flag of the United States at the outbreak of the civil war|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|Microfilm Publication||M405. Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri. 854 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||586957|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is In This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 4 What Do I Do Next?
- 5 Citing This Collection
What is In This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served from Missouri for the years 1861 to 1865. The following records are found in the various muster rolls:
- Name of soldier
- Rank, Company and Battalion
- Date and place of enlistment
- By whom enlisted
- Length of enlistment
- Payment for service
- Discharge date
- Remarks regarding discharge, desertion or death
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M405. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each Union soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog. They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description. Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".|
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The index to these records contains the following:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name
- Age (often estimated)
- Military unit served in
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
These records also usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of the soldier
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Search for vital records, such as birth, marriage, and death
- Search for a military pension record
- Use the information to find the family in census records
- Search for church, land, and probate records
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Missouri.
- US Military Basic Search Strategies
- Beginning United States Civil War Research
- Locating a Union Civil War Soldier (1861-1865)
- Missouri Guided Research
- Research Tips and Strategies
- Step-by-Step Research
- Beginning Research in United States Military Records
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.