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Mitchell County, North Carolina Genealogy

Guide to Mitchell County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bakersville
Organized: February 16, 1861
Parent County(s): Yancey, Watauga, Caldwell, Burke, and McDowell [1]
Neighboring Counties
Avery  • Carter (TN)  • McDowell  • Unicoi (TN)  • Yancey
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information


Mitchell County is located in the far western portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Tennessee. It was named for University of North Carolina professor Elisha Mitchell, who died exploring the famous mountain peak in western North Carolina that now bears his name (Mount Mitchell).[2]

County Courthouse

Mitchell County Courthouse
Crimson Laurel Way Admin Bldg
PO Box 82
Bakersville, NC 28705
Phone: 828-688-2139
Mitchell County Website

Register of Deeds has marriage and land records.[3]
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and probate records from 1861, and court records from 1912.

Mitchell County, North Carolina Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1861 1913 1912 1789 1861 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

1907 Several records believed to have been destroyed during move into new courthouse.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Bailey Settlement
  • Bandana
  • Buladean
  • Clarrissa
  • Estatoe
  • Penland
  • Poplar
  • Red Hill
  • Tipton Hill
  • Bakersville
  • Bradshaw
  • Cane Creek
  • Fork Mountain-Little Rock Creek
  • Grassy Creek
  • Harrell
  • Poplar
  • Red Hill
  • Snow Creek
  • Spruce Pine

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Mitchell County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 4,705
1880 9,435 100.5%
1890 12,807 35.7%
1900 15,221 18.8%
1910 17,245 13.3%
1920 11,278 −34.6%
1930 13,962 23.8%
1940 15,980 14.5%
1950 15,143 −5.2%
1960 13,906 −8.2%
1970 13,447 −3.3%
1980 14,428 7.3%
1990 14,433 0.0%
2000 15,687 8.7%
2010 15,579 −0.7%
Source: "".

Church Records

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

NC Mitchell


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War
Online Records

Regiments. Men in Mitchell County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Mitchell County:

- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 5th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry, Company B
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company E

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Listed below are archives in Mitchell County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries


Listed below are libraries in Mitchell County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.



Listed below are societies in Mitchell County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

  • Toe Valley Genealogical Society
    491 Beaver Creek Road
    Spruce Pine, NC 28777


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mitchell County, North Carolina. Page 511 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mitchell County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Mitchell County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 22 February 2020.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at