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Revision as of 18:54, 24 March 2020

Guide to Orange County, Vermont ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Orange County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Orange County
Location in the state of Vermont
Founded October 18, 1785
County Seat Chelsea
Address Orange County Courthouse
5 Court Street, PO Box 95
Chelsea, VT 05038
Fax: 802-685-3246
Orange County Website

Description[edit | edit source]

The County is located in the east center area of the state. [1]

Orange County, Vermont Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
at town creation at town creation at town creation 1781 1771 1771 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1857. General compliance year is unknown.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death, burial and land records; County Clerk has divorce and court records from 1781 and land records from 1771; Probate Judge has probate records from 1771.[3]

Towns Organized Before 1800:
Bradford 1770
Braintree 1781
Brookfield 1781
Chelsea 1781
Corinth 1764
Fairlee 1761
Newbury 1763
Orange 1781
Randolph 1781
Straford 1761
Thetford 1761
Topsham 1763
Turnbridge 1761
Vershire 1781
Washington 1781
West Fairlee 1779
Williamstown 1781 [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Vermont County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Vermont County Boundary Maps" (1764-1895) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

VermontNew HampshireOrange CountyWindsor CountyRutland CountyAddison CountyWashington CountyCaledonia CountyGrafton CountyOrangeTopshamNewburyWilliamstownWashingtonCorinthBradfordBrookfieldChelseaVershireWest FairleeFairleeBraintreeRandolphTunbridgeStraffordThetfordHartfordNorwichPomfretSharonRoyaltonBarnardStockbridgeBethelRochesterPittsfieldHancockGranvilleRoxburyWarrenNorthfieldWaitsfieldFaystonDuxburyMoretownMiddlesexBerlinMontpelierEast MontpelierBarrePlainfieldMarshfieldPeachamGrotonBarnetRyegateMonroeLymanBathHaverhillBentonPiermontWarrenOrfordWentworthLymeDorchesterHanoverCanaanOrangeLebanon
Modern town borders in Orange County, Vermont.


Extinct Town:



  • Newbury
  • Wells River


  • Bradford

Neighboring Counties

Addison | Caledonia | Washington | Windsor | Grafton County, New Hampshire

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VTTombstone Project WorldCat Billion Graves
Billion Graves
See Vermont Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

A transcript of the 1771 census of Gloucester County, New York survives:

  • O'Callaghan, Edmund B. Documentary History of the State of New York Vol. 4 (1851):709.[7] Digital version at Internet Archive - free.

Church[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

WindsorAddisonWashingtonCaledoniaGrafton, New HampshireVT ORANGE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments and Companies:

- 2nd Regiment, Vermont Infantry
- 4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry, Companies B and K

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Orange County Probate Districts

  • Randolph District - Braintree, Brookfield, Chelsea, Orange, Randolph, Tunbridge, Washington and Williamstown.
  • Bradford District - Bradford, Corinth, Fairlee, Newbury, Strafford, Thetford, Topsham, Vershire and West Fairlee.
  • Orange District - in 1994 the Randolph and Bradford Districts merged under the Orange District.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Vermont Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for the following Vermont certificates:

Downloadable applications from Vermont Department of Health.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

See also a List of Vermont Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Historical Societies[edit | edit source]

Bradford Historical Society
Woods Academy Building
172 North Main Street
Bradford, VT
PO Box 424
Bradford, VT 05033

Braintree Historical Society
2766 Braintree Hill Road
Braintree, VT 05060
Telephone: 802-728-5272

Brookfield Historical Society
Marvin Newton House
Ridge Road
PO Box 447
Brookfield, VT 05041

Chelsea Historical Society
Route 110, Main Street
274 East Randolph Road
Chelsea, VT 05038
Telephone: 802-685-4447

Corinth Historical Society, Inc.
Corinth Academy Museum
1767 Center Road
Corinth, VT 05039
Telephone: 802-685-3812

Fairlee Historical Society
Town Hall
75 Town Common Rd
PO Box 95
Fairlee, VT 05045
Telephone: 802-333-4363

Newbury Historical Society
155 Tyler Farm Rd
PO Box 33
Newbury, VT 05051
Telephone: 816-233-7687 or 802-757-2256

Thetford Historical Society
Historical Library: Bicentennial Building
16 Library Road
PO Box 33
Thetford, VT 05074

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Orange, Vermont" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_County,_Vermont accessed 6 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Orange County, Vermont . Page 698-699 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 686-687.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 699. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists, 181.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Orange_ County,_Vermont," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_County,_Vermont accessed 24 October 2019.
  6. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 395. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.
  7. Harry Macy, "Newtown Census of 1771," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 117, No. 1 (Jan. 1986):8. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 117. The original census records were destroyed in a 1911 fire at the New York State Library.