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Otero County, New Mexico Genealogy

Revision as of 10:39, 30 August 2018 by Jnobbie (talk | contribs) (fixed description)

Guide to Otero County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Alamogordo
Organized: January 30, 1899
Parent County(s): Doña Ana, Lincoln, Socorro[1]
Neighboring Counties
Chaves  • Culberson (TX)  • Dona Ana  • Eddy  • El Paso (TX)  • Hudspeth (TX)  • Lincoln  • Sierra
See County Maps
Location Map

County InformationEdit


Otero County was founded 30 January 1899. The County Seat is Alamogordo,[2] The County is located in the south central area of the state.[3]

County CourthouseEdit

Otero County Courthouse
1000 New York Ave #108
Alamogordo, NM 88310
Phone: 505.437.4942
Otero County Website

Otero County Courthouse
1000 New York Ave #108;
Alamogordo, NM 88310
Phone: 505.437.4942 

County Clerk has marriage, probate, and land records from 1899, and voter registration records from 1939; District Court Clerk has divorce and court records from 1899.[1]

Otero County, New Mexico Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1899 1907 1899/#12 1899 1899 1790

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary ChangesEdit

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated PlacesEdit

The following are locations in Otero County, New Mexico:[5]


  • Alamogordo (county seat)


  • Cloudcroft
  • Tularosa

Census-designated places

  • Bent
  • Boles Acres
  • Chaparral
  • High Rolls
  • Holloman AFB
  • La Luz
  • Mayhill
  • Mescalero
  • Orogrande
  • Piñon
  • Sacramento
  • Timberon
  • Twin Forks
  • Weed

Other communities

  • Hortonville
  • Mountain Park
  • Newman
  • Sunspot
  • Three Rivers

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Otero County, New Mexico online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

Census RecordsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 7,069
1920 7,902 11.8%
1930 9,779 23.8%
1940 10,522 7.6%
1950 14,909 41.7%
1960 36,976 148.0%
1970 41,097 11.1%
1980 44,665 8.7%
1990 51,928 16.3%
2000 62,298 20.0%
2010 63,797 2.4%
Source: "".

Federal Census Records
Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

State Census Records

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Otero County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps and GazetteersEdit



Military RecordsEdit

Revolutionary WarEdit

Civil WarEdit

World War IEdit

World War IIEdit

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research GuidesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. accessed 09/29/2016
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Otero, New Mexico," in,_New_Mexico. accessed 8/29/2018
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Otero County, New Mexico. Page 474 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 470.