Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy

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Guide to Scotland County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Scotland County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded January 29, 1841
County Seat Memphis
Address Scotland County Courthouse
117 S Market Street
Memphis, MO 63555
Phone: 660.465.7027
Scotland County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Scotland County, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1883 1841 1883 1850 1836 1842

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1889; Clerk of the Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court and land records from 1841; Probate Judge has probate records from 1841.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1841 Scotland County was created 29 January 1841 from Lewis County. County seat: Memphis [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Adair  • Clark  • Davis County, Iowa  • Knox  • Schuyler  • Van Buren County, Iowa

Scotland CountySchuyler CountyPutnam CountyAdair CountyKnox CountyAdams CountyLewis CountyHancock CountyLee CountyHenderson CountyDes Moines CountyHenry CountyWapello CountyDavis CountyMonroe CountyVan Buren CountyJefferson CountyAppanoose CountyClark CountyMOScotland.JPG

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
MOGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MOGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • History of Lewis, Clark, Knox and Scotland Counties, Missouri : from the earliest time to the records.... St. Louis : Goodspeed, 1887.
  • "Odds & ends. Scotland County Genealogical Society quarterly newsletter (Missouri) - v. 17-19 (2003-2005) - v. 19, no. 4 (Oct. 2005).

Maps[edit | edit source]


Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records


Service men in Scotland County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Scotland County, Missouri:

- 69th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company F
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company M
- 39th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B

- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
- 2nd Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
- 30th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Births[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]

Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Scotland County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 232
    Memphis, MO 63555
  • Scotland County Historical Society
    P.O. Box 263
    311 S Main Street
    Memphis, MO 63555
    Phone: 660-465-2259

Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Scotland County Memorial Library
    306 W. Madison
    Memphis, Mo 63555
    Phone: 660-465-7042

Websites[edit | edit source]

Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Missouri Genealogy Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Major genealogy resource library, located in Indiana. On home page enter "Scotland Missouri" and search catalog.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Scotland County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search (including one for Scotland County)

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scotland County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at