Difference between revisions of "Seneca Nation of Indians"

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[[Image:Seneca chief -Cornplanter by F. Bartoli, 1796.jpg|thumb|right|180px]]
  
== History  ==
+
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Seneca Lake to Allegheny River now in western New York
  
==== Brief Timeline ====
+
One of the [[Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy|Iroquois Nations]]- largest tribe
  
==== Brief History ====
+
'''Prominent Leaders:''' Cornplanter (Ayentwahga, John O'Bail), Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha), Ely Parker
  
==== Reservations ====
+
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
  
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
+
Seneca Nation of Indians <br>P.O. Box 231 <br>Salamanca, NY 14779 <br> Phone: 1-716-945-1790
  
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
+
Fax: 1-716-945-1565
  
== Records  ==
+
[http://www.sni.org/ The Seneca Nation of Indians] Official Website
  
== Important Web Sites ==
+
=== History ===
  
== References ==
+
==== Brief Timeline ====
  
<references />
+
*'''1775-1783:''' Fought with British during the Revolutionary War
 +
*'''1831:''' Ceded land removed to Indian Territory
 +
*'''1838:''' Treaty of Buffalo Creek the tribe lose their New York Reservations
 +
*'''1842:''' Regained the Cattaraugus and Allegheny Reservations
 +
*'''1848:''' Become Seneca Nation of Indians
 +
*'''1857:''' Repurchase the Tonawanda and Buffalo Creek lands using money they had for relocation to Kansas.
 +
*1869, Quakers established the [[Seneca Indian School (Oklahoma)|Seneca Indian School]] at Wyandotte, Oklahoma. (school closed in 1980)
 +
 
 +
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe <br>  ====
 +
 
 +
Frank J. Lankes. An outline of West Seneca History. West Seneca, NY. West Seneca Historical Society. 1962. FHL Book 970.1 Al #49
 +
 
 +
Frank J. Lankes. Reservation Supplement: A Collection of Memorabilia related to Buffalo Creek Reservation. West Seneca, NY 1966. (Cayuga, Onondaga Indians)FHL Book 970.1 Al #50
 +
 
 +
Arthur Parker. Red Jacket: Last of the Seneca. Washington, Library of Congress FHL Film 1009057 item 2
 +
 
 +
==== Reservations  ====
 +
 
 +
Three State Reservations:
 +
 
 +
*[[Allegany Indian Reservation (New York)|Allegany Reservation]]
 +
*Buffalo Creek Reservation
 +
*[[Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (New York)|Cattaraugus Reservation]]
 +
*[[Oil Springs Indian Reservation (New York)|Oil Springs Reservation]]
 +
 
 +
[[Tonawanda Indian Reservation (New York)|Tonawanda Band of Seneca Reservation]] near Akron, New York
 +
 
 +
Six Nations Reserve, Ontario
 +
 
 +
[[Seneca-Cayuga Indian Tribe of Oklahoma|Seneca-Cayuga Tribe]] hold land in Ottawa County, Oklahoma
 +
 
 +
=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Correspondence and Census ====
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
! scope="col" | Tribe
 +
! scope="col" | Agency
 +
! scope="col" | location of Original Records
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Pre-1880 Correspondence
 +
 
 +
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962
 +
 
 +
Roll Number
 +
 
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
FHL
 +
 
 +
Film
 +
 
 +
Number
 +
 
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Post-1885 Census
 +
 
 +
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
 +
 
 +
Roll Number
 +
 
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
FHL
 +
 
 +
Film
 +
 
 +
Number
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| Seneca, Indian Territory
 +
| [[Miami Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Miami (Quapaw) Agency]], 1870-1952
 +
| Washington D.C. and Fort Worth
 +
| Rolls 702-13
 +
| -
 +
| Rolls 410-16, 487-89
 +
| Films: 581405-581411
 +
|-
 +
| Seneca, New York
 +
| [[Six Nations Indian Agency (New York)|Six Nations Agency]], 1824-34
 +
| Washington D.C.
 +
| Rolls 582-97
 +
| -
 +
| Rolls 290-300, 488-89
 +
| Films: 579700-579709
 +
|-
 +
| Seneca, Ohio
 +
| [[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua and Ohio Agencies]], 1831-43
 +
| Washington D.C.
 +
| Rolls 600-03
 +
| -
 +
| -
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Seneca, Indian Territory
 +
| [[Neosho Indian Agency (Kansas)|Neosho Agency]], 1837-71
 +
| Washington D.C.
 +
| Rolls 529-37
 +
| -
 +
| -
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Treaties ====
 +
 
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25856 1784] October 22, at Fort Harmar
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25874 1789] January 9, at Fort Harmar
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26867 1792] April 23, with the Five Nations of Indians
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25885 1794] November 11, at Konondaigua
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26867 1797] September 15, on Genesee River
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25911 1802] June 30, at Buffalo Creek
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25956 1814] July 22, at Greenville
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/29345 1815] September 8, at Spring Wells
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/25987 1817] September 29, on the Miami
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26004 1818] September 17, at St. Mary's
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26873 1823] September 3, unratified
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26166 1831] February 28, at Washington
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26168 1831] July 20, at Lewistown
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26224 1832] December 29, at Seneca Agency
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26276 1835] August 24, at Camp Holmes
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26343 1838] January 15, at Buffalo Creek, with New York Indians
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26378 1842] May 20, at Buffalo Creek
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26608 1857] November 5
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26890 1865] September 13, at Fort Smith - unratified
 +
*[https://dc.library.okstate.edu/digital/collection/kapplers/id/26801 1867] February 23, at Washington
 +
 
 +
==== Vital Records ====
 +
 
 +
*[[Quapaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Quapaw Agency]], M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL | Film: 581408
 +
 
 +
=== Important Websites  ===
 +
 
 +
Seneca History -- from Seneca Nation website -- [http://www.senecaindian.com/seneca_tribal.htm http://www.senecaindian.com/seneca_tribal.htm]
 +
 
 +
Seneca History -- Wikipedia article -- [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seneca_nation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seneca_nation]
 +
 
 +
Seneca Tribal History -- from Handbook of American Indians... by Frederick Webb Hodge -- [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seneca/senecahist.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seneca/senecahist.htm]
  
==== Bibliography  ====
+
Seneca History -- from Catholic Encyclopedia -- [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13714a.htm http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13714a.htm]  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].
 
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].
 
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
 
  
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
+
=== References  ===
:Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
 
:Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
 
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
 
  
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– . <br>
+
<references />  
  
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published
+
==== Bibliography  ====
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
 
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
 
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
 
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].
 
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
 
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]
 
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 20 -- Not yet published
 
  
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
 
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:Indigenous Tribes of New York]]

Latest revision as of 11:48, 1 April 2021

United States Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of the US Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of New York Gotoarrow.png Seneca Nation of Indians

Seneca chief -Cornplanter by F. Bartoli, 1796.jpg

Ancestral Homeland: Seneca Lake to Allegheny River now in western New York

One of the Iroquois Nations- largest tribe

Prominent Leaders: Cornplanter (Ayentwahga, John O'Bail), Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha), Ely Parker

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Seneca Nation of Indians
P.O. Box 231
Salamanca, NY 14779
Phone: 1-716-945-1790

Fax: 1-716-945-1565

The Seneca Nation of Indians Official Website

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1775-1783: Fought with British during the Revolutionary War
  • 1831: Ceded land removed to Indian Territory
  • 1838: Treaty of Buffalo Creek the tribe lose their New York Reservations
  • 1842: Regained the Cattaraugus and Allegheny Reservations
  • 1848: Become Seneca Nation of Indians
  • 1857: Repurchase the Tonawanda and Buffalo Creek lands using money they had for relocation to Kansas.
  • 1869, Quakers established the Seneca Indian School at Wyandotte, Oklahoma. (school closed in 1980)

Additional References to the History of the Tribe
[edit | edit source]

Frank J. Lankes. An outline of West Seneca History. West Seneca, NY. West Seneca Historical Society. 1962. FHL Book 970.1 Al #49

Frank J. Lankes. Reservation Supplement: A Collection of Memorabilia related to Buffalo Creek Reservation. West Seneca, NY 1966. (Cayuga, Onondaga Indians)FHL Book 970.1 Al #50

Arthur Parker. Red Jacket: Last of the Seneca. Washington, Library of Congress FHL Film 1009057 item 2

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Three State Reservations:

Tonawanda Band of Seneca Reservation near Akron, New York

Six Nations Reserve, Ontario

Seneca-Cayuga Tribe hold land in Ottawa County, Oklahoma

Records[edit | edit source]

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Seneca, Indian Territory Miami (Quapaw) Agency, 1870-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 702-13 - Rolls 410-16, 487-89 Films: 581405-581411
Seneca, New York Six Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C. Rolls 582-97 - Rolls 290-300, 488-89 Films: 579700-579709
Seneca, Ohio Piqua and Ohio Agencies, 1831-43 Washington D.C. Rolls 600-03 - -
Seneca, Indian Territory Neosho Agency, 1837-71 Washington D.C. Rolls 529-37 - -

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1784 October 22, at Fort Harmar
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmar
  • 1792 April 23, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 November 11, at Konondaigua
  • 1797 September 15, on Genesee River
  • 1802 June 30, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29, on the Miami
  • 1818 September 17, at St. Mary's
  • 1823 September 3, unratified
  • 1831 February 28, at Washington
  • 1831 July 20, at Lewistown
  • 1832 December 29, at Seneca Agency
  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1838 January 15, at Buffalo Creek, with New York Indians
  • 1842 May 20, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1857 November 5
  • 1865 September 13, at Fort Smith - unratified
  • 1867 February 23, at Washington

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

  • Quapaw Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL | Film: 581408

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

Seneca History -- from Seneca Nation website -- http://www.senecaindian.com/seneca_tribal.htm

Seneca History -- Wikipedia article -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seneca_nation

Seneca Tribal History -- from Handbook of American Indians... by Frederick Webb Hodge -- http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seneca/senecahist.htm

Seneca History -- from Catholic Encyclopedia -- http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13714a.htm

References[edit | edit source]


Bibliography[edit | edit source]