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Edited History and Timeline
During the 3rd century BC, ancient Vietnamese people inhabited modern-day northern Vietnam and established the state of Âu Lạc. The historical peoples of Annam (now located independent state was annexed by Nam Việt in central Vietnam) after many years 179 BC. Nam Việt was subsequently annexed by the Han Empire and became part of contact with the Chinese culture were conquered by Imperial China about 214 Bfor over a millennium from 111 BC to 939 AD.C. The Annamese remained subject to China (with several brief interruptions after 923) until 1428 when they formed an An independent kingdom. The kingdom included Tonkin Vietnamese state emerged in 939 following Vietnamese victory in the northbattle of Bạch Đằng against the Southern Han. The Cham kingdom Successive Vietnamese imperial dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French in the southmid-central area was added in 147219th century.
Cochin China (now in southern Vietnam) for many centuries formed part of French Indochina saw the Khmer Empire, and was influenced by the Indian sphere of culture. The Annamese gradually increased their influence Japanese occupation in 1940 amidst the South, competing at times with the French, until 1750 when they became masters escalation of that region as wellWorld War II.  The Annamese dynasty split in 1558 into central (ruled from Hue) and northern (ruled from Hanoi) lines that were not united until Emperor Gia Long Following Japanese defeat in 1802 signed a treaty with the French whereby he obtained assistance in establishing his new empire. Long’s successors, however1945, followed isolationist policies and mistreated French nationals and Christian converts. This opened the way for French military intervention. In 1858 the Vietnamese fought French seized Cochin China and established it as a colony. Tonkin accepted a French protectorate status rule in 1882, opting for this rather than being taken by China, their traditional adversary. In 1884 a French protectorate was established over Annam as well. In 1887 the three areas together with Cambodia were united to form the Union of French First IndochinaWar. Laos was added to Indochina in 1893. By the 1930s these areas were lobbying strongly for independence. The French proposed a Federation of states in Indochina within the French Union. This was accepted by Cambodia and LaosOn 2 September 1945, but Annamese nationals demanded total Vietnamese revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh declared Vietnam's independence. In the Second World War Indochina was occupied by the Japanese who set up the autonomous state of Viet Nam comprising Tonkin, Annam, from France and Cochin China. The last Annamese emperor Bao Dai was therefrom established as rulera provisional communist state. After the nine years of war, his regime quickly collapsed and the Viet Minh coalition of nationalists and communists headed by Ho Chi Minh, original name: Nguyen Ai Quoc (1890-1969) set up a republic with its capital at Hanoi. The French recognized the new republic, with the object of keeping it within the Union of French Indochina. When the Viet Minh rejected their offer, the French refused to let Cochin China Vietnamese declared victory in the South become part of the new republic. After three years of negotiating and fighting with the Viet Minh the French decided to establish their own republic which also claimed all decisive battle of Vietnam. They reestablished Bao Dai as the leader, who ruled from France.  When the French forces were defeated at Dienbienphu Điện Biên Phủ in 1954, they were forced to withdraw their territorial claims to the country. The Geneva convention nation was thereafter divided Vietnam into separate North and South republics. 750two rival states,000 Catholics and others with western ties fled to the South. In 1961 the United States came to the aid communist North—the Democratic Republic of the South to resist Northern insurgency and full scale guerrilla war developed. In 1973 an agreement was signed ending the war in Vietnam. Hostilities continued however until 1975 when the South was defeated. Reunification of the country took place July 2, 1976. Hundreds and anti-communist South—the Republic of thousands of refugees fled the country, including 400,000 who returned to ChinaVietnam. Many records were lost or destroyed Conflicts intensified in the wars. In 1995 Vietnam and the United States officially normalized relations and Vietnam became a member of ASEAN (Association War with extensive US intervention in support of South East Asian Nations), and the United Nations, and signed a trade agreement with the European UnionVietnam from 1965 to 1973.<ref name="profile">The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Vietnam,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 2001war ended with North Vietnamese victory in 1975.</ref>
North and South Vietnam were then reunified under a communist government in 1976. The newly established country remained impoverished and politically isolated until 1986 when the Communist Party initiated a series of economic and political reforms that facilitated Vietnamese integration into the world economy. By 2010, Vietnam had established diplomatic relations with 178 countries.
1615 –1753 French traders engaged in trade in the area around Đàng Trong and actively spreading missionaries<br>1859 - 1885 Vietnam's kingdom independence was gradually eroded by France which was aided by the Spanish and large Catholic militias in a series of military conquests<br>1884 - The entire country had come under French rule<br>1887 - The three Vietnamese entities were formally integrated into the union of French Indochina<br>1940 -The war in the Pacific led to the Japanese invasion of French Indochina<br>1945 - The Vietnamese Famine was a famine that occurred in northern Vietnam in French Indochina during World War II from October 1944 to late 1945. Between 400,000 and 2 million people are estimated to have starved to death during this time<br>1954 - French Indochina was dissolved under the Geneva Accord into three countries: Vietnam and the kingdoms of Cambodia and Laos. Vietnam was further divided into North and South administrative regions at the Demilitarized Zone<br>1965 - US forces became involved in ground combat operations and at their peak they numbered more than 500,000<br>1976, North and South Vietnam were merged to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the war left Vietnam devastated, with the total death toll standing at between 966,000 and 3.8 million<br>
==Local Histories and Gazetteers==
Research use: Supplement genealogies and official records for historical periods. Contain unique information on widows and wives not found elsewhere.
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