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The earliest non-Indian settlers of New Mexico were the 130 Hispanic families who came into the upper Rio Grande Valley in 1598. At the time of the Pueblo revolt of 1680, the New Mexico Spanish population was about 2,500. By 1817, just before Mexican independence, the Spanish population of New Mexico had reached 27,000.
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193924&disp=Manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at+Columbus++ Columbus, New Mexico, alphabetical manifests 1917-1954]
*see also [[
Texas_Emigration_and_Immigration|El Paso, Texas]]