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Revision as of 13:56, 15 May 2017

Guide to St. Charles County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


St. Charles County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded October 1, 1812
County Seat St. Charles
Address St. Charles County Courthouse
201 N 2nd Street
St. Charles, MO 63301
Phone: 636.949.7550
St. Charles County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

St. Charles County, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1867 1807 1830 1804 1805

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Recorder of Deeds has marriage and land records; Probate Court has probate records; Clerk of the Circuit Court has court records.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

St. Charles County predates the state of Missouri which was admitted to the union in 1821. St. Charles was one of the five original districts of the Louisiana Territory from 1805-1812 and one of the five original counties of the Missouri Territory from 1812 to 1821.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1812 St. Charles County was created 1 October 1812 as an original county.
County seat: St. Charles. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Calhoun County, Illinois  • Franklin  • Jersey County, Illinois  • Lincoln  • Madison County, Illinois  • St. Louis  • Warren

Lincoln CountyPike CountyJefferson CountyCalhoun CountyGreene CountyJersey CountyMacoupin CountyBond CountyMontgomery CountyWarren CountyFranklin CountyWashington CountyGasconade CountyMontgomery CountySt. Charles CountyMadison CountyRandolph CountyMonroe CountySt. Clair CountyClinton CountySt. Louis CountyWashington CountyMOSt. Charles.JPG

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
MOGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

The St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church was established in St. Charles in 1791.  As the population grew, additional parishes flourished in the county.  Extractions of the early records are available, and provide information on baptisms, marriages and deaths.  An influx of German immigrants led to the establishment of Evangelical and Lutheran churches.  Records of these churches have been extracted and are available for research.

Evangelical[edit | edit source]

Femme Osage Evangelical Church

  • 1836 - 1891 Femme Osage Evangelical Church Baptism Index 1836-1891. Batches C734024 and C726721 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Court[edit | edit source]

A Court of Common Pleas was established in 1805. It was later replaced by a Circuit Court. Court case files from 1805 to 1845 have been indexed and microfilmed by the Missouri State Archives. Additional case files are still being processed.

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

The land encompassed by St. Charles County was ruled by the French and then the Spanish prior to the Louisiana Purchase.  Spanish land grants were given to many settlers migrating from territory of the U. S.  One of the famous early settlers was Daniel Boone, who came with over 100 families in the late 18th century.

Local Histories [edit | edit source]

A history of St. Charles, Warren and Montgomery counties was published in 1885.  It includes biographical information of many of the prominent citizens of that time. 

  • Holmes, J. C. Early history of St. Charles and St. Charles County. St. Charles : Banner-News, 1912.

Maps[edit | edit source]


An 1875 plat map and atlas shows owners of each plat, has some biographical and historical information.  There is also a 1905 plat map and atlas.  The originals have been scanned by the historical society, and saved in PDF format. See their website for purchase information.

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Service men in St. Charles County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in St. Charles County:

- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Unassigned Company
- 1st Battery, Missouri State Militia Artillery (Union), Company A
- 1st Battery, Missouri State Militia Artillery (Union), Company B
- 1st Battery, Missouri State Militia Artillery (Union), Company C
- 1st Battery, Missouri State Militia Artillery (Union), Company D
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B

- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 27th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company M
- 10th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company M

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Original probate court records, probate files, and will books of the 19th century are held by the St. Charles County Historical Society.  Probate files have been microfilmed by State Archives.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Births[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]

Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Historical Society[edit | edit source]

The St. Charles County Historical Society has an extensive collection of materials relevant to family history. It is the repository of 19th century will books, probate records, naturalization records, and court records. It also houses many compiled genealogies, and indexes to many church records and cemeteries of the county.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

The St. Charles City-County Library has local history and genealogy special collection resources.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Missouri Genealogy Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Major genealogy resource library, located in Indiana. On home page enter "St. Charles Missouri" and search catalog.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "St. Charles County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Charles County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.