St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy
Guide to St. Charles County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
- 1 County Information
- 2 Resources
- 2.1 Bible Records
- 2.2 Biographies
- 2.3 Business, Commerce, and Occupations
- 2.4 Cemeteries
- 2.5 Census Records
- 2.6 Church Records
- 2.7 Court Records
- 2.8 Directories
- 2.9 Emigration and Immigration
- 2.10 Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups
- 2.11 Funeral Homes
- 2.12 Genealogies
- 2.13 Guardianship
- 2.14 Land and Property Records
- 2.15 Local Histories
- 2.16 Maps and Gazetteers
- 2.17 Migration
- 2.18 Military Records
- 2.19 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 2.20 Newspapers
- 2.21 Obituaries
- 2.22 Other Records
- 2.23 Periodicals
- 2.24 Probate Records
- 2.25 School Records
- 2.26 Tax Records
- 2.27 Vital Records
- 3 Research Facilities
- 4 Societies
- 5 Websites
- 6 Research Guides
- 7 References
County Information[edit | edit source]
Description[edit | edit source]
The county was named for Charles Borromeo. The County is located in the east central area of the state. 
County Courthouse[edit | edit source]
St. Charles County Courthouse
201 N 2nd Street
St. Charles, MO 63301
St. Charles County Website
Recorder of Deeds has marriage and land records.
Probate Court has probate records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has court records.
St. Charles County, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]
Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.
Record Loss[edit | edit source]
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]
For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
Populated Places[edit | edit source]
The following are locations in St. Charles County, Missouri:
- The State Historical Society of Missouri has information on historical Missouri place names for all 114 Missouri Counties.
History Timeline[edit | edit source]
Resources[edit | edit source]
Bible Records[edit | edit source]
Biographies[edit | edit source]
- Portrait and biographical record of St. Charles, Lincoln, and Warren Counties, Missouri : containing portraits and biographical at Ancestry ($)
Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
- Missouri Cemeteries Missouri Access Genealogy
Census Records[edit | edit source]
- 1732-1933 Missouri State and Territorial Census Records, 1732-1933 at FamilySearch — index and images
For tips on accessing St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.
Church Records[edit | edit source]
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.
The St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church was established in St. Charles in 1791. As the population grew, additional parishes flourished in the county. Extractions of the early records are available, and provide information on baptisms, marriages and deaths. An influx of German immigrants led to the establishment of Evangelical and Lutheran churches. Records of these churches have been extracted and are available for research.
Femme Osage Evangelical Church
- 1836-1891 Femme Osage Evangelical Church Baptism Index 1836-1891. Batches C734024 and C726721 at FamilySearch.
Court Records[edit | edit source]
- 1800-1991 Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991 at FamilySearch — index and images
A Court of Common Pleas was established in 1805. It was later replaced by a Circuit Court. Court case files from 1805 to 1845 have been indexed and microfilmed by the Missouri State Archives. Additional case files are still being processed.
Directories[edit | edit source]
Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]
Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]
Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]
Genealogies[edit | edit source]
Guardianship[edit | edit source]
Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse. The land encompassed by St. Charles County was ruled by the French and then the Spanish prior to the Louisiana Purchase. Spanish land grants were given to many settlers migrating from territory of the U. S. One of the famous early settlers was Daniel Boone, who came with over 100 families in the late 18th century.
Local Histories[edit | edit source]
Local histories are available for St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.
- Early History of St. Charles and St. Charles County. By J. C. Holmes. 1912. St. Charles : Banner-News. Available online at FamilySearch
Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
- Maps of Missouri (1804-1889)
- Map of St. Charles County townships (Histopolis)
- The University of Missouri Digital Library has digital copies of Missouri county plat books (ca. 1930) for all Missouri counties including St. Charles County. The city of St. Louis is not included in this collection.
Migration[edit | edit source]
Military Records[edit | edit source]
- 1900-1941 Missouri, Pre-WWII Adjutant General Enlistment Contracts, 1900-1941 at FamilySearch — images
Civil War[edit | edit source]
- 1861-1865 Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
- 1861-1865 Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
- 1911-1938 Missouri, Confederate Pension Applications and Soldiers Home Applications, 1911-1938 at FamilySearch — index and images
Service men in St. Charles County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in St. Charles County:
World War II[edit | edit source]
- 1940-1945 Missouri, World War II Draft Registration Cards,1940-1945 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1941-1946 Missouri, Reports of Separation Notices, 1941-1946 at FamilySearch — index
Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]
- 1800-1991 Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991 at FamilySearch — index
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as St. Charles County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
Obituaries[edit | edit source]
Other Records[edit | edit source]
Periodicals[edit | edit source]
Probate Records[edit | edit source]
In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.
Original probate court records, probate files, and will books of the 19th century are held by the St. Charles County Historical Society. Probate files have been microfilmed by State Archives.
Online Probate Records
- 1750-1988 Missouri Probate Records 1750-1998 at FamilySearch — images
- 1766-1988 Missouri Wills and Probate Records 1766-1988 at Ancestry — index and images ($)
School Records[edit | edit source]
Tax Records[edit | edit source]
Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.
St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births. The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.
Birth[edit | edit source]
- 1817-1939 Missouri Births, 1817-1939 at FamilySearch — index
- 1827-1935 Missouri, Births and Christenings, 1827-1935 at FamilySearch — index
- 1851-1910 Missouri Birth Records, 1851-1910 at Ancestry — index/images ($)
Marriage[edit | edit source]
- 1750-1920 Missouri, Marriages, 1750-1920 at FamilySearch — index
- 1776-1988 Missouri, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $
- 1805-2002 Missouri, Marriage Records, 1805-2002 at Ancestry ($)
- 1850 Missouri Marriages to 1850 at Ancestry — index ($)
Death[edit | edit source]
- 1834-1910 Missouri, Death Records, 1834-1910 at Ancestry — index/images ($)
- 1867-1976 Missouri, Deaths and Burials, 1867-1976 at FamilySearch — index
- 1883-1930 Missouri Deaths, 1883-1930 at FamilySearch — index and images
- Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Research Facilities[edit | edit source]
Archives[edit | edit source]
Family History Centers[edit | edit source]
Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.
- For current information about a center near you, go to the Family History Center Map
Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
- St. Charles County Historical Society
101 South Main Street
St. Charles, MO 63301
The Society has an extensive collection of materials relevant to family history. It is the repository of 19th century will books, probate records, naturalization records, and court records. It also houses many compiled genealogies, and indexes to many church records and cemeteries of the county.
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
- MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
- USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
- FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection. Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
- RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
- Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
- CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
- StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
- Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Research Guides[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia contributors, "St. Charles County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Charles_County,_Missouri, accessed 17 Sept 2018.
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Charles County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
- Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.
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