Taos County, New Mexico Genealogy
Guide to Taos County, New Mexico ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.
|Taos County, New Mexico|
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
|Founded||September 22, 1846|
|Address||Taos County Courthouse|
105 Albright St #D
Taos, NM 87571-0676
Taos county Website
- 1 County Information
- 2 County Courthouse
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 4.1 Cemeteries
- 4.2 Census
- 4.3 Church
- 4.4 Court
- 4.5 Land
- 4.6 Local Histories
- 4.7 Maps
- 4.8 Military
- 4.9 Newspapers
- 4.10 Probate
- 4.11 Taxation
- 4.12 Vital Records
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Web Sites
- 7 References
County Information[edit | edit source]
Taos County, New Mexico Record Dates[edit | edit source]
County Courthouse[edit | edit source]
Parent County[edit | edit source]
- Until 1821 - New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
- In 1821 - Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
- 22 September 1846 - Taos County was created based on an old Mexican government partido as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.Code named after General Stephen W. Kearny
- 1848 Taos county formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Description[edit | edit source]
One of the original nine counties formed in 1852 The county seat is Taos.
Taos was established following the Spanish conquest of the Pueblo villages.
During the 1770s Taos was repeatedly raided by Comanches who at that time lived in the plains of what is now eastern Colorado. Juan Bautista de Anza, governor of the Province of New Mexico, led a successful punitive expedition in 1779 against the Comanches.
After the U.S. takeover of New Mexico in 1846, Hispanics and Amerindians in Taos staged a mini-rebellion, known as the Taos Revolt, in which the newly appointed U.S. Governor, Charles Bent, was lynched.
Beginning in 1898, artists began to settle in Taos and created the "Taos Society of Artists". In time the Taos art colony developed. Many paintings were made of local scenes, especially of Taos Pueblo and activities there.
Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]
- Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
- New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
- 9 January 1852 - All Arizona and Nevada.   Residents who lived far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
- 1 February 1860 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of MORA county. 
- 12 January 1861 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of SAN JUAN county (original, extinct). 
- 28 February 1861 - TAOS county lost land to the creation of Colorado Territory. 
- 18 January 1862 - TAOS county regained all of SAN JUAN county (original, extinct) when the law creating SAN JUAN was repealed. 
- 24 February 1863 Arizona Territory created from the western half of New Mexico Territory. Taos county reduced in size to the portion still within New Mexico Territory.
For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona for further details.
Record Loss[edit | edit source]
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
Places/Localities[edit | edit source]
Populated Places[edit | edit source]
Towns[edit | edit source]
- Red River
- Taos (county seat)
Villages[edit | edit source]
- Taos Ski Valley
Census-designated places[edit | edit source]
- Arroyo Hondo
- Arroyo Seco
- Picuris Pueblo
- Ranchos de Taos
- Rio Lucio
- San Cristobal
- Taos Pueblo
Other communities[edit | edit source]
- El Prado
- El Rito
- Las Trampas
- Llano Quemado
- No Agua
- Ojo Caliente
- Tres Piedras
Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]
- Colfax, New Mexico
- Conejos County, Colorado
- Costilla County, Colorado
- Mora, New Mexico
- Rio Arriba, New Mexico
Resources[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
- New Mexico Cemetery Records
- AHGP New Mexico Cemetery Transcription & Photo Project
- New Mexico Cemetery Records, Luna to Valencia
- New Mexico Cemetery Record Information Online
- New Mexico Tombstone Transcription Project
- New Mexico Cemeteries Project
- New Mexico Vital Record Information: Cemeteries
- Online New Mexico Death Records and Indexes
- Cemeteries of New Mexico
- BillionGraves.com - Provides photos and GPS locations of grave markers.
- Cyndi's List - Cemeteries & funeral homes
|Tombstone Transcriptions Online||Tombstone Transcriptions in Print||List of Cemeteries in the county|
|Findagrave.com||Family History Library||Findagrave.com|
|See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information.|
Census[edit | edit source]
State Census Records[edit | edit source]
- 1885 New Mexico Territorial Census 1885 at Ancestry (free)
- Late 1800s 1800s Arizona and New Mexico Territories Census, Late 1800s ($)
Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]
Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.
Church[edit | edit source]
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.
Parish registers (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are available online for the following years:
|FS = FamilySearch - free|
|Our Lady of Guadalupe, Taos, Online Parish Registers|
|FS||1866-1871, 1880-1887||1866-1871, 1880-1887|
|St. Lawrence Mission, Picurís, Online Parish Registers|
LDS Ward and Branch Records
Court[edit | edit source]
Land[edit | edit source]
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
Online Land Records
- Land Patent Search - index to federal patents and homesteads on the Bureau of Land Management website, some images available
- 1796 - 1907 - U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 at Ancestry - index, info taken from Bureau of Land Management website
- 1861 - 1936 - U.S. Homestead Records 1861-1936 at Ancestry.com - ($), index and images
Local Histories[edit | edit source]
Local histories are available for Taos County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.
Maps[edit | edit source]
- 1895 Map of Taos County, New Mexico*Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
- NMGenWeb - historical maps
Military[edit | edit source]
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
- 1775 - 1783 - United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783 at FamilySearch - images only
- For more nationwide Revolutionary War databases, see US Military Online Genealogy Records.
Civil War[edit | edit source]
- 1861 - 1865 - New Mexico Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch
- For more nationwide Civil War databases, see US Military Online Genealogy Records.
World War I[edit | edit source]
- 1917 - 1919 - New Mexico, World War I Records, 1917-1919 at Ancestry ($)
- For more natiowide World War I databases, see US Military OnlineGenealogy Records.
World War II[edit | edit source]
- 1941 - 1945 - World War II Records, 1941-1945 State Summary of War Casualties from World War II for Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Personnel from: New Mexico
- 1941 - 1945 - World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel from: New Mexico
- 1941 - 1945 - New Mexico, World War II Records, 1941-1945 at Ancestry ($)
- For more nationwide World War II databases, see US Military Online Genealogy.
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
- New Mexico Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.
Probate[edit | edit source]
Online Probate Records
Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.
See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.
The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.
Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.
Taxation[edit | edit source]
New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
Births[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- 1788 – 1798; 1838 – 1955 New Mexico Deaths and Burials, 1788-1798; 1838-1955 at FamilySearch
- 1889 - 1945 New Mexico Deaths, 1889-1945 at FamilySearch
Marriages[edit | edit source]
- 1727 - 1900 New Mexico Marriages 1727-1900 at Ancestry ($)
- 1751 - 1918 New Mexico Marriages, 1751-1918 at FamilySearch
Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]
Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]
Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.
- Taos New Mexico Family History Center 235 Camino de la Placita, Taos NM 87571 United States Location Map
- Tres Piedras New Mexico Family History Center 22470 US Hwy 64 Tres Piedras, NM 87577 United States Location Map
Web Sites[edit | edit source]
- Taos County, NM History, Records, Facts and Genealogy
- New Mexico Genealogy Network Community on Google+
- New Mexico Genealogy Network Group on Facebook
- USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
- FamilySearch Catalog
References[edit | edit source]
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Taos County, New Mexico page 475, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 7” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
- http://genealogytrails.com/newmex/taos/ accessed 09/29/2016
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at (accessed 9 August 2011).
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1859-1860, 9th assy. /p. 76
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1860-1861, 10th assy. /p. 16
- U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 172-177; Van Zandt, 141-144
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1861-1862, 11th assy. /p. 16
- U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
- FamilySearch Catalog. Accessed 12 May 2016.