Tipton County, Tennessee Genealogy

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United States Genealogy Gotoarrow.png Tennessee, United States Genealogy Gotoarrow.png Tipton County

Tipton County, Tennessee genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Tipton County (established 1823) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Tipton County, Tennessee
Boundary map of Tipton County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Tipton County
Location in the state of Tennessee, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Location of Tennessee in the U.S.
Founded: October 29, 1823
County Seat Covington
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Quick Dates[edit | edit source]

Tipton County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1925 1840  1925  1830  1824  1824 

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]


Tipton County Courthouse


Tipton County Courthouse
100 Court Square P O box 528
Covington, TN 38019
Phone: 1-901-476-0209 - 2438

County Clerk has marriage records from 1840.
General Sessions Court has divorce records from 1823 and court records.
Clerk Chancery Court has probate records from 1823.
Register of Deeds has land records. [2]

Tipton County Clerk
Marriage, probate and court records
P.O. Box 528
220 Hwy. 51 N., Suite 2
Covington, TN 38019
Phone: 1-901-476-0207

Tipton County Register of Deeds
Land records
P.O. Box 626
Room 105 Courthouse
100 Court Square
Covington, TN 38019
Phone: 1-901-476-0204

Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-5 p.m.

History[edit | edit source]

West Tennessee county.

The county was named after "Jacob Tipton, father of Armistead Blevins, who supervised the organization of Shelby County; Tipton was killed by Native Americans in 1791 in a conflict over the Northwest Territory."[3]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1823--Tipton County was established 29 October 1823 from Chickasaw Indian Lands.
County seat: Covington [4]

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

  1. Hear it spoken[5] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[6] (male)

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

For a list of record loss in Tennessee counties see: Tennessee Counties with Burned Courthouses

  • Lost census: 1890
  • Lack of marriage records: 1823 to 1839

Although these are not burned records, applying strategies used for burned counties may aid in compensating for their loss. For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Akins Corner Cotton Lake Gilt Edge Randolph
Antioch Covington Holly Grove Rialto
Atoka Crosstown Hopewell Richardsons
Beaver Detroit Idaville Saint Paul
Bride Dixonville Jamestown Salem
Brighton Drummonds Mason Solo
Burlison Egypt Mount Carmel Tabernacle
Canaan Grove Flatwood Mount Lebanon Tipton
Charleston Gainesville Munford Walnut Grove
Clopton Garland Peckerwood Point Wilkinsville
Corona Gift Quito

Resources[edit | edit source]


Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Tipton County biography, tax, and WPA records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png Tennessee African Americans

The Runaway Slave Blog is a free online resource where runaway slaves listed in pre-1865 West Tennessee newspapers are identified. Some of the runaway ads appeared in Tipton County newspapers.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

All of the family biographies from the History of Tipton County, Tennessee (1886) by Goodspeed are available free online at My Genealogy Hound.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tennessee cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • Tipton Co. TN Cemetery Records, part of the TNGenWeb Cemetery Database, lists many cemeteries in the county, often with indexes and transcripts of the burials.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 5,317
1840 6,800 27.9%
1850 8,887 30.7%
1860 10,705 20.5%
1870 14,884 39.0%
1880 21,033 41.3%
1890 24,271 15.4%
1900 29,273 20.6%
1910 29,459 0.6%
1920 30,258 2.7%
1930 27,498 −9.1%
1940 28,036 2.0%
1950 29,782 6.2%
1960 28,564 −4.1%
1970 28,001 −2.0%
1980 32,930 17.6%
1990 37,568 14.1%
2000 51,271 36.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 Tipton County federal population schedules are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

1840 Pensioners


  • Carpenter, Mrs. V.K. Seventh census of the United States, 1850, Tipton County, Tennessee, free population schedules Searcy, Arkansas : L.E. Presley, 1979 FHL US/CAN book 976.817 X2c 1850


  • Felldin, Jeanne Robey and Tucker, Charlotte Magee 1860 United States census, Tipton County, Tennessee, surname index Tomball, Texas : Genealogical Publications, c1976 FHL US/CAN book 976.8 A1


  • Sistler, Byron H. and Samuel D. 1880 census, Tipton County, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee : B. Sistler and Associates, 1992 FHL US/CAN book 976.817 X2s

Church[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

Family Histories[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Tipton, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 15,000 entries.

  • Hayes, Sallie. Tipton County, Tennessee Family Histories & Cemetery Records. n.p.: S. Hayes, 199-. FHL US/CAN Book 976.817 D2h. [Includes information about surnames: Ruffin, Craddock, Hyde, Sasser and Sherman.]
  • Matthews, Paul A. Early Families of the Memphis Area: Profiles of 135 Families of Fayette, Shelby and Tipton Counties in Tennessee, Crittenden County, Arkansas and DeSoto and Marshall Counties in Mississippi: With Historical Time Lines and Photogrpahs of Those Counties. Memphis, Tennessee: Descendants of Early Settlers of Shelby and Adjoining Counties, 2008. FHL US/CAN Book 976 D2m.


  • [Baskerville] Baskerville, P. Hamilton (Patrick Hamilton), 1848 - 1925. Baskerville Family. Richmond : W.M. Ellis Jones' Sons, Inc. 1912. Free digital copy.
  • [Bird] Embry, Iola. Bird History. Typescript. FHL US/CAN Film 2241.
  • [Cox] Bush, Lorena W. They followed the sun: some ancestors and descendants of Zachary Taylor Cox and Elizabeth Jane Hitt. Unknown: unknown, 1979. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 C839b; FHL US/CAN Film 1321115 Item 7; digital version at Ancestry ($); Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • [Cullum] Cullum, David and Ed Cullum. Cullums Synonymous: The Descendants of Reverend Marcus Hiram Collum and Elizabeth Jane Davis (North Carolina--Tennessee--Texas). Dallas, Texas: Cullums Synonymous, 1984. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 C898c.
  • [Cullum] Cullum, David and Ed Cullum. Cullums Synonymous [Newsletter]: A Cullum Family Newsletter. Dallas, Texas: Cullums Synonymous, 1984-1994. FHL 929.27305 C898c.
  • [McCain] Lynn, E. Elizabeth. McCain Family Members: From the Waxhaws, Tipton County, Tennessee, and Elsewhere. Montreat, North Carolina: E.E. Lynn, 1984. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 M123L.
  • [Mitchell] Goggans, Helen Mitchell, Mavis P. Kelsey and Billie Mitchell Langford. The Mitchell Family of Tipton County, Tennessee: Their Antecedents in Colonial Southside Virginia Including Jones and Bishop and Their Numerous Descendents. Kingsland, Arkansas: H.M. Goggans, A. Mitchell, & B.M. Langford, 1990. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 M692go.
  • [Pace] Pace, William Carroll and Doris Pace Resner. Pace's, Smith's, Baucom's. 2 vols. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: W.C. Pace, [1990?]. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 P114p ff.
  • [Pullen] Archibald Pullen Family Bible Records, 1777-1851 and Pedigree Chart, 1762-1923. FHL US/CAN Film 1145775 Item 3.
  • [Trobaugh] Kennedy, Chester C. Konawa, I.T.: Two Pioneer Families, Hammons and Trobaugh. Konawa, Oklahoma: C.C. Kennedy, 1993. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 H184ke.
  • [Wood] Wood, McFarland W. Descendants of Josiah Wood through his son David Wood, Albermarle County, Virginia. [microform]. Hopkinsville, KY: Unknown, 1947. Digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($). One branch of the family went to Tipton County.

Land[edit | edit source]

  • Tipton County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1824 and is located at the Courthouse, P.O. Box 528, Covington, Tennessee 38019-0528; Telephone: 901-476-0204.Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries.
  • The Family History Library has microfilmed copies of deed records 1824-1896 with indexes 1824-1900; land entry books 1820-1870; and land surveys 1821-1903.

Law and Legislation[edit | edit source]

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. [In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service.] TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

The following Tipton County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:[1]

Tennesseeans in the Revolutionary War: Tipton County

Additional resources include:

War of 1812

  • Embry, Hermione D. "War of 1812 - Tennessee Pensioners on List - January 2, 1883," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul. 1961):95-98. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a v. 8 (1961); digital version at journal website. [Includes Tipton County pensioners (p. 97).]

Civil War

Civil War service men from Tipton County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Tipton County.

Confederate Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Tipton County:

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Tipton County click on the following cities or towns:

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Miller, Alan N. West Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1821 to 1889. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2man. Purchase at Genealogical.com. [Includes Tipton County.]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Tipton County, Tennessee records have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a.
Family Findings
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Tipton County, Tennessee records have been published in Family Findings, the quarterly of the Mid-West Tennessee Genealogical Society (42+ vols.). The Family History Library has most issues of this quarterly FHL US/CAN 976.8 B2f.
Tables of contents for some volumes are available online, courtesy: TNGenWeb Project:
Many articles from this publication have been reproduced on the TNGenWeb Project website, try this specialized Google search to retrieve them.
West Tennessee Historical Society Papers
Family History Library has Volumes 1 - 16 and 30 FHL US/CAN Book 976.81 B5w.
The West Tennessee Historical Society Papers are indexed in PERiodical Source Index (PERSI)
To view Table of Contents and complete articles from 1947 - 2005 see Shelby County Register of Deeds

Prisons[edit | edit source]

Learn if your Tipton County, Tennessee Genealogy ancestors went to prison!

Probate[edit | edit source]

The County Court has responsibility for the probate records of Tipton County.

FamilySearch has placed scans of the following records online in the Tennessee, Probate Court Books, 1795-1927 collection. These are browse-only collections. Handwritten indexes may be found at the front or back of some volumes:

  • Wills, 1824-1918 (Vols. A-C)
  • Bonds, Letters, 1835-1842; 1876-1901 (2 vols.)

The following Tipton County probate records have been indexed:

  • [1824-1861] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Tennessee Wills & Administrations 1779-1861. Nashville, Tenn. Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1990. FHL US/CAN 976.8 P22s. [Includes an index to this county's probate records.]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

The following Tipton County tax records have been abstracted:[7]

  • [1836] Douthat, James L. 1836 Tipton County, Tennessee, Civil Districts and Tax List. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2001. FHL US/CAN Book 976.817 R4d; online: free surname index and purchase details.
  • [1837] Davis, Bettie Brandon. "1836 Map of Tipton County, Tennessee" and "Tipton County, Tennessee 1837 Tax List," Ansearchin' News. Vol. 40, No. 3 (Fall 1993):103-108; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Winter 1993):175-176. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals.
  • [1837] Tax List, 1837. Tennessee Genealogy and History, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2000).
  • [1837-1838] Tipton County, Tennessee, Tax Rolls 1837-1838. Buffalo, Texas: Four Scribes, 1987. FHL US/CAN Book 976.817 R4t.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Tennessee Vital Records or order electronically online.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Marriages were not officially recorded in Tipton County until 1840, a few years after a law was passed mandating the practice.[8] The following publication, based on early newspapers, helps to alleviate this genealogical obstacle:

  • Lucas, Silas Emmett. Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 V2L.

The following Tipton County Courthouse marriage records have been indexed:

  • 1840-1895 - Tipton County Marriage Index 1840-1895 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.[9]
  • 1840-1874 - Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Early West Tennessee Marriages. 2 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: B. Sistler & Associates, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 V2sb v. 1 ff. [Indexes names of brides and grooms, and marriage or marriage bond dates for weddings in this county for the specified years.]
  • 1840-1860 - Historical Records Project (Tennessee) Marriage records, 1840-1860, Tipton County, Tennessee Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1940. FHL US/CAN Film 24841 item 1.
  • 1840-1860 - Hays, Tony Tipton County, Tennessee, marriages, 1840-1860 [S.I.] : Kitchen Table Press, 1987. FHL US/CAN Book 976.817 V2h
  • 1840-1900,1910-1912,1914-1958 - Tipton County, Tennessee County Court Clerk Marriage records (Tipton County, Tennessee), 1840-1900-, 1910-1912, 1914-1958 Nashville, Tennessee : Tennessee State Library and Archives, 1976-1988. FHL US/CAN Film 1010920-24, 1928840-49
  • 1864-1959 - Tennessee County Court (Tipton County) Marriage licenses, 1864-1959 and divorce records, 1911-1950 Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1997. FHL US/CAN Film 2073905, 2073913, 2073978, 2074022-23, 2074073-75, 2074126-28, 2074218-20, 2074258 item 1
  • Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950 - covers all counties in Tennessee.
  • Many county marriage records are indexed with images at Ancestry's Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 ($).  Be aware that this index is not complete for all counties.
Divorce[edit | edit source]

In 1940 and 1941, W.P.A. workers pinpointed the location of Tipton County divorce papers in diverse County Courthouse records, see:

  • W.P.A. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey, 1941. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A3gp.
Death[edit | edit source]

For deaths of Methodists in Tipton County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Societies and Libraries
[edit | edit source]

See also a List of Tennessee Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Munford Memorial Public Library
1476 Munford Avenue
Munford, TN 38058
Phone: 1-901-837-2665
E-mail: munford@bigriver.net
Hours: Mon.-Wed., Fri. 1-5 p.m.
Thurs. 1-7 p.m.
Sat. 9 a.m.-12 pm

Tipton County Public Library
300 W Church St.
Covington, TN 38019
Phone: 1-901-476-8289
E-mail: tiptonpl@covingtontn.com
Mon.-Fri. 9:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Sat. 9:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.
Genealogy Resources: Cemetery Records, Military Rosters, Marriage Records, Census Indexes, Local Histories, Newspapers including Covington Leader, Commercial Appeal, Randolph Recorder, Deeds, Court Minutes, Birth and Death Indexes, Bible Records, Tax Records, Probate Records, etc.
West Tennessee Heritage Study Center
Paul Meek Library
University of Tennessee at Martin
Phone: 1-731-881-7060
Hours vary by semester
The Heritage Study Center holds a variety of genealogical resources including materials relating to the following counties in Tennessee: Benton, Carroll, Chester, Crockett, Decatur, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Houston, Humphreys, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, McNairy, Obion, Perry, Shelby, Stewart, Tipton, Wayne, Weakley and Carlisle, Fulton, and Hickman counties in Kentucky.
West Tennessee Historical Society
P.O. Box 111046
Memphis, TN 38111
Phone: 1-901-475-6608
E-mail: efrank@memphis.edu

Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]

Tipton County Tennessee Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Tipton County, Tennessee

Tipton County Tennessee Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey (W.P.A.), 1941; "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tipton County, Tennessee page 644, At various libr40ries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia; "Tipton County," The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 644. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  5. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  6. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).
  7. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.
  8. Gale Williams Bamman, C.G., "Research in Tennessee," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 2 (June 1993):105. FHL US/CAN Book 973 B2ng v. 81 (1993)
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/6/64/Igitennessees.pdf.