Difference between revisions of "Trinidad and Tobago History"

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m (Edited History and Timeline)
 
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Tobago was ruled intermittently by the Dutch, French and English in its early colonial history before it was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1814.
 
Tobago was ruled intermittently by the Dutch, French and English in its early colonial history before it was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1814.
 
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Trinidad and Tobago were merged in 1888 to form a single colony. Full independence was gained in 1962.
Trinidad and Tobago were merged in 1888 to form a single colony. Full independence was gained in 1962.<ref name="profile">The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: West Indies,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1999.</ref>
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<br>
 
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[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinidad_and_Tobago]
 
== Timeline ==
 
== Timeline ==
 
'''''Trinidad'''''<br>
 
'''''Trinidad'''''<br>
1509 - Under jurisdiction of Spain  
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1509 - Under jurisdiction of Spain<br>
 
1777 - French settlers arrived<br>
 
1777 - French settlers arrived<br>
 
1797 - Under jurisdiction of Great Britain <br>
 
1797 - Under jurisdiction of Great Britain <br>
 
1889 - Trinidad and Tobago joint colony <br>
 
1889 - Trinidad and Tobago joint colony <br>
1962 - Became independent.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinidad Trinidad] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 8 October 2015).</ref> <ref name="Sch">Christina K. Schaefer, ''Genealogical Encyclopedia of the Colonial Americas: a Complete Digest of the Records of All the Countries of the Western Hemisphere'' (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing, 1998), 128. {{WorldCat|39622039}}; {{FHL|822639|item|disp=FHL Ref Book 929.11812 D26s}}.</ref><br><br>
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1962 - Became independent<br>
 
'''''Tobago''''' <br>
 
'''''Tobago''''' <br>
 
Tobago changed hands 33 times—more than any other Caribbean island, including: <br>
 
Tobago changed hands 33 times—more than any other Caribbean island, including: <br>
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1595 -  English raid <br>
 
1595 -  English raid <br>
 
1628-1637 - Netherlands settlement<br>
 
1628-1637 - Netherlands settlement<br>
1637, 1639, and 1642 - failed [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Couronian_colonization_of_the_Americas Courland] colonies<br>
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1637, 1639, and 1642 - Failed [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Couronian_colonization_of_the_Americas Courland] colonies<br>
1639, 1642, and 1647 - failed English colonies<br>  
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1639, 1642, and 1647 - Failed English colonies<br>  
1654 - successful Courland and Netherlands colonies<br>
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1654 - Successful Courland and Netherlands colonies<br>
 
1658 - French colony <br>
 
1658 - French colony <br>
 
1659 - Courlanders surrendered to the Dutch<br>
 
1659 - Courlanders surrendered to the Dutch<br>
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1814 - Tobago was ceded from France to Great Britain <br>
 
1814 - Tobago was ceded from France to Great Britain <br>
 
1889 - Joined with Trinidad as one colony<br>
 
1889 - Joined with Trinidad as one colony<br>
1962 - Trinidad and Tobago were granted independence<ref name="Sch" /> <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago History of Trinidad and Tobago] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 8 October 2015).</ref> <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobago Tobago] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 8 October 2015).</ref> <ref>[http://www.mytobago.info/history02.php History: 1700-1799] in ''MyTobago: the definitive visitor's guide to Tobago'' (accessed 8 October 2015).</ref><br><br>
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1962 - Trinidad and Tobago were granted independence<br>
 
 
 
==Local Histories==
 
==Local Histories==
 
 
*Williams, Eric.  ''History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago.''  Port-of-Spain: PNM Publishing Co., 1962.
 
*Williams, Eric.  ''History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago.''  Port-of-Spain: PNM Publishing Co., 1962.
 
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
 
*[http://www.infoplease.com/country/trinidad-and-tobago.html Infoplease Geography and History]
 
*[http://www.infoplease.com/country/trinidad-and-tobago.html Infoplease Geography and History]
 
*[https://www.britannica.com/place/Trinidad-and-Tobago Britannica]
 
*[https://www.britannica.com/place/Trinidad-and-Tobago Britannica]
 
*[http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/Trinidad-and-Tobago.html Culture]
 
*[http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/Trinidad-and-Tobago.html Culture]
 
*[http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Trinidad_and_Tobago New World Encyclopedia]
 
*[http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Trinidad_and_Tobago New World Encyclopedia]
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
[[Category:Trinidad and Tobago]]
 
[[Category:Trinidad and Tobago]]

Latest revision as of 07:15, 3 April 2019

Trinidad and Tobago Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Trinidad and Tobago Background
Local Research Resources

History[edit | edit source]

Columbus discovered Trinidad and Tobago on his third voyage in 1498. Trinidad was inhabited by the Arawak Indians, who were killed by early European settlers. It was colonized by the Spanish in 1592. It continued under Spanish rule until 1797, when it was captured by the British. Trinidad was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in 1802.

Tobago was ruled intermittently by the Dutch, French and English in its early colonial history before it was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1814. Trinidad and Tobago were merged in 1888 to form a single colony. Full independence was gained in 1962.
[1]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Trinidad
1509 - Under jurisdiction of Spain
1777 - French settlers arrived
1797 - Under jurisdiction of Great Britain
1889 - Trinidad and Tobago joint colony
1962 - Became independent
Tobago
Tobago changed hands 33 times—more than any other Caribbean island, including:
1532-1534 - Spain
1569-1570 - Spain
1592 - Spanish permanent settlement
1595 - English raid
1628-1637 - Netherlands settlement
1637, 1639, and 1642 - Failed Courland colonies
1639, 1642, and 1647 - Failed English colonies
1654 - Successful Courland and Netherlands colonies
1658 - French colony
1659 - Courlanders surrendered to the Dutch
1666 - English-Jamaican pirates captured Tobago, but surrendered to France later that year
1667 - The Netherlands reclaimed their forts
1672 - Dutch wiped out by the English who captured Tobago
1674 - The Netherlands regained control by treaty
1677 - France captured Tobago
1679 - Restored to the Netherlands
1705 - Tobago became a no-mans-land
1715 - Claimed by Great Britain in 1715
1733 - Sweden sent settlers, but they were repelled by natives
1748 - France and Great Britain declared Tobago neutral
1762 - Great Britain captured Tobago
1763 - France left control of the tiny European population to Great Britain
1781 - France re-invaded
1797 - Tobago surrendered to Great Britain
1814 - Tobago was ceded from France to Great Britain
1889 - Joined with Trinidad as one colony
1962 - Trinidad and Tobago were granted independence

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Williams, Eric. History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago. Port-of-Spain: PNM Publishing Co., 1962.

External Links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]