United States, Special Census of Indians - FamilySearch Historical Records

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This article describes a collection of records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
United States, 
United States
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Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1880-1880
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
National Archives and Records Administration

Why Should I Look at This Collection?[edit | edit source]

If you suspect you have Native American ancestry, and had relatives living in Washington, the Dakota Territories, or California, this collection may help identify your relatives.

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This collection is a special enumeration of Indians living near military installations in Washington and Dakota Territories and in California during 1880. Some of the agencies include:

  • Ihanktonwan Sioux, Crow Creek Agency
  • Tulalip Agency, Washington Territory (includes Swinomosh, Muckleshoot, and Lunmi Schedules)
  • Yakama Agency, Washington Territory (includes Simcoe, Central, Sattas, Yakam, Ahtanum, and Piute)
  • Standing Rock Agency, Dakota Territory
  • Round Valley Agency, California Territory

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You will be able to browse through images in this collection when it is published.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The census includes:

  • The Indian name
  • The translation of name
  • English or other name habitually used
  • Relationship of each person to head of family
  • Civil conditions
  • Personal description
  • Occupation
  • Health, education, and personal property
  • Land occupied
  • Land in severalty
  • Sources of subsistence

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

Only add sample images if there are no image visibility restrictions

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the person
  • Where they lived during the 1880 enumeration

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

You will be able to search this collection when it is published.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Find what tribes were located in the area where your ancestor lived, and learn who kept the records (Tribe, Agency, Bureau of Indian Affairs, etc.)
  • Search all the records for the location where your ancestor lived
  • Look for the family in vital records
  • Search for land allotments

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • The name of your ancestor may have changed from one Indian name to a different Indian name, consider alternative names
  • The name of your ancestor may have changed from an Indian name to a Christian name
  • The name of your ancestor may have been abbreviated

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"United States, Special Census of Indians, 1880." Database and images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2018. Custodian.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.