Difference between revisions of "United States Migration Internal"

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*[[US Migration Rivers and Lakes|Rivers and Lakes]]  
 
*[[US Migration Rivers and Lakes|Rivers and Lakes]]  
 
*[[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]<br><br>
 
*[[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]<br><br>
 
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| '''U.S. Migration Topics'''
 
|-
 
|
 
*[[US Migration Analyzing Data|Analyzing/Using Data]]
 
*[[US Migration Availability|Availability]]
 
*[[US Migration Historical Background|Historical Background]]
 
*[[US Migration Indexes|Indexes]]
 
*[[US Migration Online|Online Sources]]<br><br>
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
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*[[United States Census|Census]]  
 
*[[United States Census|Census]]  
*Church Records  
+
*[[United States Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[United States Directories|Directories]]  
 
*[[United States Directories|Directories]]  
 
*Journals and Diaries  
 
*Journals and Diaries  
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*[[United States Maps|Maps]] (especially plat and insurance maps)  
 
*[[United States Maps|Maps]] (especially plat and insurance maps)  
 
*[[United States Taxation|Taxation]]  
 
*[[United States Taxation|Taxation]]  
*Voting Registers
+
*[[United States Voting Records|Voting Registers]]
  
 
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| [[Image:Wagon Train.jpg|thumb|left|500px|Wagon Train.jpg]]
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| [[Image:Wagon Train.jpg|thumb|right|500px|<center>Wagon Train</center>]]
 
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*[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon and Its Pioneers] free lists 1839-1855  
 
*[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon and Its Pioneers] free lists 1839-1855  
 
*[http://cagenweb.com/cpl/cpl_list.htm California Pioneer List Master Index] pre-1880  
 
*[http://cagenweb.com/cpl/cpl_list.htm California Pioneer List Master Index] pre-1880  
*[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel 1846-1868] free index  
+
*[https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/overlandtravel/ Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel 1846-1868] free index  
 
*[http://reta.nmsu.edu/modules/heraldry/lesson/pdf/HrldList.pdf ''Camino Real: Five Waves of Settlers 1598-1800'']. New Mexico  
 
*[http://reta.nmsu.edu/modules/heraldry/lesson/pdf/HrldList.pdf ''Camino Real: Five Waves of Settlers 1598-1800'']. New Mexico  
*[http://www.octa-trails.org/ Oregon-California Trails Association] free website
+
*[http://www.paper-trail.org/ Paper Trail. A Guide to Overland Pioneer Names & Documents. Oregon - California Trails Association]
 
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] ($) indexes to immigration and pioneer lists  
 
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] ($) indexes to immigration and pioneer lists  
 
*[http://www.migrations.org/index.html Migrations]&nbsp;An ongoing project with thousand of names for all States.
 
*[http://www.migrations.org/index.html Migrations]&nbsp;An ongoing project with thousand of names for all States.
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Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.  
 
Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.  
  
Maritime museums often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.
+
'''Maritime museums''' often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/safr/learn/historyculture/research-center.htm Maritime Research Center - San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park National Park Service]
 +
*[https://research.mysticseaport.org/visit/ Collections Research Center - Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, Connecticut] 
  
 
[http://photogrammar.yale.edu/ Photogrammar] is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). It chronicles the migrations and living conditions during the Great Depression and WWII.
 
[http://photogrammar.yale.edu/ Photogrammar] is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). It chronicles the migrations and living conditions during the Great Depression and WWII.
 +
 +
=== Western Trails Resources ===
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/oreg/learn/historyculture/making-the-trek.htmMaking the Trek - National Park Service]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/652028?availability=Family%20History%20Library David Lavender.''The Overland migrations : settlers to Oregon, California, and Utah.'' Washington,D.C.: United states Government Printing Office, 1979. FHL 973 W2Ld]
 +
 +
''' Names '''
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1197359?availability=Family%20History%20Library Randy Brown. ''Historic Inscriptions on Western Emigrant Trails.'' Independence, Missouri: Oregon California Trails Association, 2004. FHL 978 H2bh]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/830107?availability=Family%20History%20Library Randy Brown and Reg Duffin. ''Graves and Sites on the Oregon and California Trails.'' Independence, Missouri: Oregon-California Trails Association,1991,1998. FHL 973 V3bro]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/394281?availability=Family%20History%20Library Richard and Alice Nelson. ''Goin'West: a record of some who went west,1830-1880.'' 12 volumes. Oceanside,California: R. Nelson, 1987 - FHL 973 W2nr]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/444185?availability=Family%20History%20Library Lois A. Dove, comp. ''Wagon Trains, 1849-1865.'' Sacramento, Calif.: L. Dove, 1989. FHL film 1597855 item 5]
 +
 +
'''[https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site1.htm Ash Hollow]'''
 +
 +
''' Fort Kearny'''
 +
*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/301851 Register of Wagon Trains Passing Through the Post, 6.9.1868-7.29.1969. NAID 301851. National Archives Catalog]
 +
 +
''' Courthouse Rock'''
 +
 +
''' [https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site2.htm Chimney Rock]'''
 +
*[https://history.nebraska.gov/rock Chimney Rock National Historic Site - Nebraska History]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/241867?availability=Family%20History%20Library Leon A. Moomaw. '' Pioneering in the shadow of Chimney Rock.'' Gering, Nebraska: Courier Press, 1966. FHL 978.29 H2m]
 +
 +
''' [https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site3.htm Scott's Bluff] '''
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE4046449 Merrill J. Mattes. ''Scotts Bluff. National Monument Nebraska. National Park Service Historical Handbook Series No. 28.'' Washington,D.C. 1958. (Reprint, 1961]
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/scbl/index.htm Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska - National Park Service]
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/scbl/learn/historyculture/index.htm  Scotts Bluff National Monument History & Culture] 
 +
''' [https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site4.htm Fort Laramie] '''
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/fola/index.htm Fort Laramie National Historic Site National Park Service]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/816183?availability=Family%20History%20Library LeRoy R. Hafen. ''Fort Laramie and the pageant of the West,1834-1890.'' reprint. Lincoln,Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1984. FHL 978.718/F1 H2hy]
 +
 +
''' [https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site5.htm Independence Rock]'''
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE6995562 Names on Independence Rock]
 +
* [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2852421?availability=Family%20History%20Library  Robert Spurrier Ellison. Independence Rock: The Great Record of the Deseret. Casper, Wyoming: Natrona County Historical Society, 1930.]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1023351?availability=Family%20History%20Library  Levida Hileman. In tar and paint and stone: the inscriptions at Independence Rock and Devil' Gate. Glendo,Wyoming: High Plains Press, 2001. FHL 978.793 H2hl]
 +
 +
''' Soda Springs '''
 +
*'''[https://www.wyohistory.org/encyclopedia/south-pass South Pass]'''
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/site7.htm South Pass - Fremont County,Wyoming - National Park Service]
 +
*'''[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Hall Fort Hall]'''
 +
*'''[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Bridger Fort Bridger]'''
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/540358?availability=Family%20History%20Library Fred R. Gowans. ''Fort Bridger, island in the wilderness.'' Provo,Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1975. FHL 987.784/F1 H2g]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/307776?availability=Family%20History%20Library Robert Spurrier Ellison. Fort Bridger Wyoming: a brief history, comprising Jim Bridger's old trading post,Fort Bridger becomes a trading post. Sheridan,Wyo.: Historical  landmark Commission of Wyoming, 1938. FHL film 223692]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1111992?availability=Family%20History%20Library Hunt Janin. ''Fort Bridger,Wyoming: trading post for Indians, mountain men and westward migrants.'' Jefferson,North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2001. FHL 987.784/F1 H2j]
 +
 +
=== Western Trails Interpretive Centers ===
 +
* [https://www.ci.independence.mo.us/nftm/ National Frontier Trails Museum, Independence, Missouri]
 +
* [https://iowaculture.gov/history/sites/western-historic-trails-center Western Historic Trails  Center, Council Bluffs, Iowa]
 +
* [https://history.lds.org/subsection/nebraska/omaha/mormon-trails-center-at-winter-quarters?lang=eng Mormon Trails Center at Historic Winter Quarters, Omaha,Nebraska]
 +
* [https://nhtcf.org/ National Historic Trails Center, Casper, Wyoming]
 +
* [https://www.oregontrailcenter.org/  National Oregon/California Trail center, Montpelier, Idaho]
 +
* [https://www.historicoregoncity.org/ End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center, Oregon City]
 +
* [https://www.blm.gov/learn/interpretive-centers/national-historic-oregon-trail-interpretive-center National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center, Baler City]
 +
* [https://www.californiatrailcenter.org/ California Trail Interpretive Center, Elko, Nevada]
 +
* [http://www.historicwells.com/ Trail of the 49ers Interpretive Center, Wells, Nevada]
 +
 +
 +
=== [https://www.octa-trails.org/ Oregon California Trails Association] ===
 +
*[https://www.octa-trails.org/about/ About the Oregon  California Trails Association]
 +
*[https://www.octa-trails.org/genealogy-paper-trail/ Genealogy & Paper Trail - A Guide to Overland Pioneer Documents]
 +
*[https://www.octa-trails.org/people-stories/ People & Stories - Life, Locations, & Lineage on the Oregon and California Trails]
 +
*[https://www.octa-journals.org/category/merrill-mattes-collection Merrill J. Mattes Collection]
 +
*[https://www.octa-journals.org/category/cave-springs-collection Cave Springs Collection]
 +
 +
  
 
=== Pre-1850 Migrations  ===
 
=== Pre-1850 Migrations  ===
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[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]] Indiana [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; [[New_England|North-New England]]; [[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN-Quakers]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]]<br>  
 
[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]] Indiana [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; [[New_England|North-New England]]; [[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN-Quakers]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]]<br>  
  
[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]] Iowa [[Illinois, United States Genealogy|IL]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]],[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],WI,[[Minnesota, United States Genealogy|MN]],[[Michigan, United States Genealogy|MI]]<br>  
+
[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]] Iowa [[Illinois, United States Genealogy|IL]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]],[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],[[Wisconsin, United States Genealogy|WI]],[[Minnesota, United States Genealogy|MN]],[[Michigan, United States Genealogy|MI]]<br>  
  
 
[[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]] Kansas [[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]],[[Illinois, United States Genealogy|IL]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]],[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]]; state census asks previous place of Residence<br>  
 
[[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]] Kansas [[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]],[[Illinois, United States Genealogy|IL]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]],[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]]; state census asks previous place of Residence<br>  
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[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|Ky]] Kentucky [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]]<br>  
 
[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|Ky]] Kentucky [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]]<br>  
  
LA Louisiana [[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[Alabama, United States Genealogy| AL]],[[Mississippi, United States Genealogy|MS]],[[Georgia, United States Genealogy|GA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; [[Canada_Genealogy|French-Canada]] or direct<br>  
+
[[Louisiana, United States Genealogy|LA]] Louisiana [[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[Alabama, United States Genealogy| AL]],[[Mississippi, United States Genealogy|MS]],[[Georgia, United States Genealogy|GA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; [[Canada_Genealogy|French-Canada]] or direct<br>  
  
 
[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]] Maryland [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|DE]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]]; [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|DE-Dutch]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],[[Nova_Scotia,_Canada_Genealogy|French-Nova Scotia]];[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-German]]; [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-Scotch Irish]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]]<br>  
 
[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]] Maryland [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|DE]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]]; [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|DE-Dutch]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],[[Nova_Scotia,_Canada_Genealogy|French-Nova Scotia]];[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-German]]; [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-Scotch Irish]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]]<br>  
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[[Michigan, United States Genealogy|MI]] Michigan [[New_England|New England]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]]<br>  
 
[[Michigan, United States Genealogy|MI]] Michigan [[New_England|New England]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]]<br>  
  
[[Minnesota, United States Genealogy|MN]] Minnesota [[Maine, United States Genealogy|ME]],then rest of New England<br>  
+
[[Minnesota, United States Genealogy|MN]] Minnesota [[Maine, United States Genealogy|ME]],then rest of [[New_England|New England]]<br>  
  
 
[[Mississippi, United States Genealogy|MS]] Mississippi [[Alabama, United States Genealogy| AL]],[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]],[[Georgia, United States Genealogy|GA]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]]<br>  
 
[[Mississippi, United States Genealogy|MS]] Mississippi [[Alabama, United States Genealogy| AL]],[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]],[[Georgia, United States Genealogy|GA]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]]<br>  
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[[Nebraska, United States Genealogy|NE]]  Nebraska [[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]],[[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]]<br>  
 
[[Nebraska, United States Genealogy|NE]]  Nebraska [[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]],[[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]]<br>  
  
NH New Hampshire [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],ME,VT,[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]]<br>  
+
[[New Hampshire, United States Genealogy|NH]] New Hampshire [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],[[Maine, United States Genealogy|ME]],[[Vermont, United States Genealogy|VT]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]]<br>  
  
 
[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]] New Jersey [[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|English-CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]] (particularly Long Island),[[New York, United States Genealogy|Dutch-NY]]; [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|Quakers-DE]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]] <br>  
 
[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]] New Jersey [[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|English-CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]] (particularly Long Island),[[New York, United States Genealogy|Dutch-NY]]; [[Delaware, United States Genealogy|Quakers-DE]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]] <br>  
  
[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]] New York [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]],[[Rhode Island, United States Genealogy|RI]],VT; [[Canada_Genealogy|French-Canada]], West Indies<br>  
+
[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]] New York [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]],[[Rhode Island, United States Genealogy|RI]],[[Vermont, United States Genealogy|VT]]; [[Canada_Genealogy|French-Canada]],[[Caribbean|West Indies]]<br>  
  
[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]] North Carolina [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|Pennsylvania-Shenandoah Valley]];[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Quakers-VA]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]] (later many moved to [[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]])<br>  
+
[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]] North Carolina [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]],[[Maryland, United States Genealogy|MD]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-Shenandoah Valley]];[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA-Quakers]],[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]],[[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]] (later many moved to [[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]],[[Indiana, United States Genealogy|IN]])<br>  
  
[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]] Ohio [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA-SE corner]],Ct,[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],TN,[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]]; Quakers-PA,[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; German-PA; Franklin, Perry and Licking Co. - Canada<br>  
+
[[Ohio, United States Genealogy|OH]] Ohio [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA-SE corner]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]] ,[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[Kentucky, United States Genealogy|KY]],[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]],[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]]; [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-Quakers]],[[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]]; [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA-German]]; [[Franklin_County,_Ohio_Genealogy|Franklin County, OH]],[[ Perry_County,_Ohio_Genealogy|Perry County, OH]],[[Licking_County,_Ohio_Genealogy|Licking County, OH]]; [[Canada_Genealogy|Canada]]<br>  
  
[[Oklahoma, United States Genealogy|OK]] Oklahoma North-IL,[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]],[[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]]; [[Arkansas, United States Genealogy|South-AR]],[[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Texas, United States Genealogy|TX]],[[Tennessee|TN]]<br>  
+
[[Oklahoma, United States Genealogy|OK]] Oklahoma [[Illinois, United States Genealogy|IL-North]],[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|IA]],[[Kansas, United States Genealogy|KS]]; [[Arkansas, United States Genealogy|South-AR]],[[Missouri, United States Genealogy|MO]],[[Texas, United States Genealogy|TX]],[[Tennessee|TN]]<br>  
  
 
[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]] Pennsylvania [[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]]<br>  
 
[[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|PA]] Pennsylvania [[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],[[New York, United States Genealogy|NY]],[[New Jersey, United States Genealogy|NJ]]<br>  
Line 157: Line 213:
 
[[Rhode Island, United States Genealogy|RI]] Rhode Island [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],<br>  
 
[[Rhode Island, United States Genealogy|RI]] Rhode Island [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|MA]],[[Connecticut, United States Genealogy|CT]],<br>  
  
[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]] South Carolina West Indies (Charleston); [[New York, United States Genealogy|Dutch-NY]]<br>  
+
[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]] South Carolina [[Caribbean|West Indies]] (Charleston); [[New York, United States Genealogy|Dutch-NY]]<br>  
  
 
[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]] Tennessee [[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]]<br>  
 
[[Tennessee, United States Genealogy|TN]] Tennessee [[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|NC]],[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|VA]],[[South Carolina, United States Genealogy|SC]]<br>  
Line 174: Line 230:
 
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px|Indiana flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.ogs.org/research/search_ogsffo.php Ohio]  
 
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px|Indiana flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.ogs.org/research/search_ogsffo.php Ohio]  
 
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px|Oregon flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon]  
 
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px|Oregon flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon]  
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px|Utah flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html Utah]
+
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px|Utah flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/overlandtravel/ Utah]
  
 
=== '''Bibliography'''  ===
 
=== '''Bibliography'''  ===
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Billington, Ray Allen. ''Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier''. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0023098600+ WorldCat 0023098600]<br>  
 
Billington, Ray Allen. ''Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier''. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0023098600+ WorldCat 0023098600]<br>  
 +
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Dollarhide William. ''Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735-1815.'' (Bountiful, UT: AGLL Genealogical Services, 1997) FHL book 973 E3d. 
  
 
Flanders, Stephen A. ''Atlas of American Migration.'' New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0816031584 WorldCat 0816031584]  
 
Flanders, Stephen A. ''Atlas of American Migration.'' New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0816031584 WorldCat 0816031584]  
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National Institute of Genealogy. [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Reconstructing_Ancestral_Migration_Routes_(National_Institute) United States Reconstructing Ancestral Migration Routes].
  
 
Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." ''Western Historical Quarterly'' 7 (October 1976).  
 
Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." ''Western Historical Quarterly'' 7 (October 1976).  
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Turner, Frederick Jackson. ''The Frontier in American History. ''Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=++%09++0816509468 WorldCat 0816509468]&nbsp;  
 
Turner, Frederick Jackson. ''The Frontier in American History. ''Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=++%09++0816509468 WorldCat 0816509468]&nbsp;  
  
White, C. Langdon &amp; Edwin J. Foscue. ''Regional Geography of North America.'' Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.  
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White, C. Langdon &amp; Edwin J. Foscue. ''Regional Geography of North America.'' Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.
  
 
=== References ===
 
=== References ===
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{{H-langs|en=United States Migration Internal|fr=Etats-unis : Migration Interne}}
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[[fr:Etats-unis : Migration Interne]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Migration Internal]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Migration Internal]]

Revision as of 14:10, 30 May 2020

United States Wiki Topics
United States flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
United States Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources
U.S. Migration Routes
Substitute Records 

Other records that show where people originated or settled are:

Wagon Train
Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.


Key U.S. Migration Internet Links

Value of Migration Research[edit | edit source]

Mountains, forests, waterways, and the gaps between them channeled migration into predictable settlement patterns. Events like gold or land rushes, and Indian treaties also affected settlement.

Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals,waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.

Migration research may help you discover:

  • a place of origin, previous hometown, or place where an ancestor settled
  • biographical details such as what they experienced, or with whom they traveled on their journey
  • clues for finding other records

Types of U.S. Migration Records[edit | edit source]

Actual lists of travelers are unusual. A few passenger lists are available at the New York State Archives for the Erie Canal from 1827-1829. But lists of pioneers who settled an area are sometimes available on the Internet, or in the form of county or local histories. The diaries and journals of people on the move may help you learn who they had as companions on the journey, and what their trip was like.

Censuses, directories, land and property records, plat maps, tax records, and voting registers can sometimes be used to learn where new arrivals settled. Starting in 1850 federal censuses show where a person was born, and starting in 1880 where the parents were born.

Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.

Maritime museums often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.

Photogrammar is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). It chronicles the migrations and living conditions during the Great Depression and WWII.

Western Trails Resources[edit | edit source]

Names

Ash Hollow

Fort Kearny

Courthouse Rock

Chimney Rock

Scott's Bluff

Fort Laramie

Independence Rock

Soda Springs

Western Trails Interpretive Centers[edit | edit source]


Oregon California Trails Association[edit | edit source]


Pre-1850 Migrations[edit | edit source]

Using the list below, go to the state where the family settled, then revert to the first place in column three, then second place, etc to the end. That is the probable route to the state you have chosen. Semicolons indicated a different route for a different population. [1]

To: From:

AL Alabama TN,GA,NC,SC,MD

AR Arkansas MS, AL,TN,GA,KY,NC,VA,MD,SC

CT Connecticut MA,RI

DE Delaware NY-Dutch,NJ; PA-English,NY,NJ,VA,MD; PA-German

FL Florida West-TN,VA; Mid-VA,NC,SC; East-GA, AL,NC,SC

GA Georgia TN,NC,VA,SC; 1752-MA; Moravian's-NC

IL Illinois South-NC,VA,KY,MD,PA; North-New England

IN Indiana VA,KY,SC,NC; North-New England; TN-Quakers,NC,SC

IA Iowa IL,IN,OH,NY,WI,MN,MI

KS Kansas MO,IA,IL,IN,OH,KY; state census asks previous place of Residence

Ky Kentucky VA,NC,MD,PA,TN

LA Louisiana TN,KY, AL,MS,GA,SC,NC; French-Canada or direct

MD Maryland DE,PA,VA; DE-Dutch,NY,French-Nova Scotia;PA-German; PA-Scotch Irish,VA

MI Michigan New England,NY

MN Minnesota ME,then rest of New England

MS Mississippi AL,TN,GA,NC,SC,VA,KY,MD

MO Missouri KY,VA,NC,SC,MD,PA,TN

NE Nebraska KS,MO,IA

NH New Hampshire MA,ME,VT,CT,NY

NJ New Jersey English-CT,NY (particularly Long Island),Dutch-NY; Quakers-DE,PA

NY New York MA,CT,NJ,RI,VT; French-Canada,West Indies

NC North Carolina VA,SC,MD,PA-Shenandoah Valley;VA-Quakers,PA,MA (later many moved to OH,IN)

OH Ohio MA-SE corner,CT ,VA,KY,TN,NJ; PA-Quakers,NC; PA-German; Franklin County, OH,Perry County, OH,Licking County, OH; Canada

OK Oklahoma IL-North,IA,KS; South-AR,MO,TX,TN

PA Pennsylvania CT,NY,NJ

RI Rhode Island MA,CT,

SC South Carolina West Indies (Charleston); Dutch-NY

TN Tennessee NC,VA,SC

TX Texas NC,VA,SC

VT Vermont MA,CT,ME,Canada

VA Virginia NC,DE,MD,PA;Quakers-PA,NJ

Migration Records for Selected States[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

Adams, James Truslow, editor-in-chief. Atlas of American History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943.

Atwood, Wallace W. The Physiographic Provinces of North America, Boston: Ginn, 1940.

Billington, Ray Allen. The American Frontier Thesis: Attack and Defense. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966.

Billington, Ray Allen. Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. WorldCat 0023098600

Dollarhide William. Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735-1815. (Bountiful, UT: AGLL Genealogical Services, 1997) FHL book 973 E3d.

Flanders, Stephen A. Atlas of American Migration. New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. WorldCat 0816031584

National Institute of Genealogy. United States Reconstructing Ancestral Migration Routes.

Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." Western Historical Quarterly 7 (October 1976).

Turner, Frederick Jackson. The Frontier in American History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. WorldCat 0816509468 

White, C. Langdon & Edwin J. Foscue. Regional Geography of North America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Overcoming Dead Ends. Migration Patterns, Nancy Ellen Carlberg.(Anaheim,CA:Carlsberg Press, 1991) pg 224-226. FHL book 929.1C191o