Utah Indian Agency

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Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]

Ute, Paiute, Bannock, Shoshoni, Pahvant, and other tribes of the Great Basin.

History[edit | edit source]

The title "Utah Agency" may be a bit misleading. There were actually two agencies called by that name, operating under the jurisdiction of the Utah Superintendency from 1849 to about 1869.

The initial agency was the Salt Lake Agency, which was established in 1849. When the Territory of Utah was organized in 1850, the Salt Lake Agency became the Utah Superintendency. In 1851, one agency was established and in 1855, another was established. The two agencies existed at the same time and the agents had no specific assignments, but one usually operated out of Salt Lake City and the other out of Provo.

The agency established in 1851 was generally headquartered in Salt Lake City until 1859 when it was moved to the Spanish Fork Reservation for the Ute Indians. In 1865, it was moved to the Uintah Valley and came to be known by that name.

The other agency, established in 1855, was headquartered in Provo, and was moved to Fort Bridger. It became part of the Wyoming Superintendency and was renamed the Fort Bridger Agency.

A third agency, established in 1858, existed for a short time under the Utah Superintendency as the Carson Valley Agency, but it was transferred to the Nevada Superintendency in 1861.[1]

Agents and Their Appointment Dates[edit | edit source]

Edmund A. Graves May 1, 1853, Christopher Carson Mar 22, 1853;on duty January 9, 1854, and William F. M. Arny May 20, 1861 and E. (Eugene E.) E. White[2]

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

For the records of these early agencies, see the listings for the later names of the three agencies referred to above -- Uintah Valley Agency, Fort Bridger Agency, and Carson Valley Agency. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the Agency offices.

Additional Indian Agencies[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 190-191.
  2. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online