Difference between revisions of "Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records"

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{{Record_Search_article
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{{breadcrumb
|location=United States
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
|CID=CID1932427
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| link2=
|title=Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
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| link3=
|}} <br>
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Virginia]]}}
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
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| CID=CID1932427
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| title=Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
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| location=Virginia
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| LOC_01 =Virginia
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_03 =
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| record_type =Compiled Service Records  
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| record_group_nr = 94 
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| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/094.html Records of the Adjutant General's Office] 
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| start_year =1861
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| end_year =1865
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| alt_flag = US 33 Star Fort Sumter Flag.jpg
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| alt_flag_desc = Flag of the United States at the outbreak of the civil war
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| micro_pub_nr =M398
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| micro_pub_title =Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia
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| micro_pub_rolls = 7
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| micro_pub_nr_02 =
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| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =  
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =  
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement =
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| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/300398 300398] [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/423 423]
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| FS_URL_01 = [[GuidedResearch:Virginia|Virginia Guided Research]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Virginia Research Tips and Strategies#Virginia Record Finder|Virginia Record Finder]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[Virginia Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [[Step-by-Step Virginia Research, 1880-Present|Step-by-Step Research]]
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| FS_URL_05 = [[Virginia Military Records]]
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| FS_URL_06 = [[Virginia in the Civil War]] 
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| FS_URL_07 = [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
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| FS_URL_08 = [[United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865, Part 2]]
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| FS_URL_09 = [[Beginning United States Civil War Research]]
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| FS_URL_10 = [[Begin a search for Union records]]
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| FS_URL_11 = [[Locating a Union Civil War Soldier (1861-1865)]]
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| FS_URL_12 = [[Union Service Records]]
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| FS_URL_13 = [[Union Pension Records]]
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| FS_URL_14 = [[Union Unit Histories]]
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| FS_URL_15 = [[Union Veterans' and Lineage Society Records]]
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) Searchable Civil War service records 
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| RW_URL_03 =
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 
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}}
  
The records cover the years 1861 to 1865.
 
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
  
Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Virginia. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:  
+
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Virginia for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:  
  
 
*Muster rolls  
 
*Muster rolls  
Line 23: Line 77:
 
*Inspection reports
 
*Inspection reports
  
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M398. Index courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com www.fold3.com]&nbsp;(previously Footnote.com).  
+
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M398. Index courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com Fold3]&nbsp;(previously Footnote.com).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
  
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
+
*'''Military Units''' in this collection
 +
* First Infantry (3 months, 1861)
 +
*Sixteenth Infantry
 +
*Loudoun County Rangers
 +
*Loyal Eastern Virginia Volunteers
 +
*Damron's Independent Co., Volunteers
  
*A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
+
=== Image Visibility ===
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
+
{{Image Visibility}}
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
 
  
The index to these records contains the following:  
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
The following information may be found in these records:
  
 +
'''Service'''
 
*Jacket name  
 
*Jacket name  
 
*Soldier’s full name  
 
*Soldier’s full name  
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*NARA publication number, title, and roll number
 
*NARA publication number, title, and roll number
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== Collection Content ==
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as roll number and the unit served in) to locate your ancestors in the service records. Compare the information in the records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Keep in mind that even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
'''The records are in individual files''' which usually include the following:
  
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
+
*A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
 
+
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
For example:
+
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
 
 
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
 
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
 
*Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.
 
 
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
 
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
 
 
 
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
 
This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records.
 
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
  
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
+
== How Do I Search This Collection?  ==
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the soldier
 +
*Identifying information such as age
  
*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System]  
+
=== Search the Index ===
*[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) Searchable Civil War service records
+
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1932427
 +
}}
 +
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log |research log]].
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
*[[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]]
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
+
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
*[[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military Records]]
+
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records
 +
*Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
 +
*If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
 +
*Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby localities
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
=== Research Helps ===
 +
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Virginia]].
 +
* [[US Military Basic Search Strategies]]
 +
* [[Beginning Research in United States Military Records]]
 +
* [[Beginning United States Civil War Research]]
 +
* [[Locating a Union Civil War  Soldier (1861-1865)]]
 +
* [[GuidedResearch:Virginia|Virginia Guided Research]]
 +
* [[Virginia Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
* [[Step-by-Step Virginia Research, 1880-Present|Step-by-Step Research]]
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
=== Related Family History Library Holdings ===
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
=== Related FamilySearch historical Record Collections ===
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699 United States General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1832324 United States Veterans Administration Pension Payment Cards, 1907-1933]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1877095 United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890]
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
== Citing This Collection ==
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found&nbsp;in This Collection  ====
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
+
{{Collection_Published}}
*“El Salvador Civil Registration,” index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2011), entry for Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, born 9 April 1880; citing La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal de San Salvador.
 
*"Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865" index and images, FamilySearch, (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 15 September 2011). entry for George H Allen. age 23; citing Civil War Records, Nara publication M398, Nara roll number 5; Records of the Adjutant General's Office, Orem, Utah, United States.
 
  
== Citation for This Collection  ==
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org). RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917 (M398). Footnote 15,392 digital images. Footnote, Orem, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]
  
[[Category:Virginia|Military Records]]
+
[[Category:Civil War, 1861-1865]]

Latest revision as of 14:00, 4 January 2021

Access the Records
Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
CID1932427
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{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Virginia, 
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
US 33 Star Fort Sumter Flag.jpg
Flag of the United States at the outbreak of the civil war
NARA logo circular black on white.jpg
National Archives and Records Administration Logo
Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M398. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia. 7 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 300398 423
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Virginia for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M398. Index courtesy of Fold3 (previously Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

  • Military Units in this collection
  • First Infantry (3 months, 1861)
  • Sixteenth Infantry
  • Loudoun County Rangers
  • Loyal Eastern Virginia Volunteers
  • Damron's Independent Co., Volunteers

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Service

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the soldier
  • Identifying information such as age

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Virginia.

Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]

Related FamilySearch historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.