Yakama Nation

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Washington Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of Washington Gotoarrow.png Yakama Nation

Yakima man Inashah.jpg

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Various Spellings: Yakama, Yakima The spelling was changed from Yakima to Yakama in 1994 to reflect the native pronunciation.

The Yakama (Yakima) Tribe is located in central Washington along the Columbia River. In 1994, the Yakama Nation adopted the spelling of its name as "Yakama," which they feel is the more correct historical spelling of their name.

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Yakima Indian Nation
2808 Main St
Union Gap, WA 98903


The Yakama Nation
Maine Agency Offices
401 Fort Road
PO Box 151
Toppenish, WA 98948


Yakama Nation

Yakama Nation Museum

1-509-865-5121 website www.yakama.org

Yakama Nation Library 1-509- 865-5121 ex 4723

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1805: First contact with Europeans -- the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
  • 1835: Oregon Trail
  • 1840's: Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, sent by U.S. government to explore the Pacific Coast.
  • 1946: The 49th Parallel divided the Oregon Territory between the United States and Canada
  • 1855:Treaty with the U.S. government
  • 1855-56: Yakama War
  • 1855: Reservation established

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Yakima tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

For additional history of the tribe, read more....

Reservations[edit | edit source]

A tract of land set aside for occupation and use by American Indians.

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

The Washington and Oregon Superintendencies had jurisdiction over the tribe.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Census[edit | edit source]

Before the 1870 census Yakima tribe members may be found in Walla Walla County, WA dispersed among the general population.

In 1870 census search Yakima County.

1880 Search (M1791, 5 rolls.) Schedules of a Special Census of Indians, 1880. The Yakima Agency is divided into five districts, which appear on roll 3. FHL Film:

1885-1940 Search (M595) Indian Census Rolls. (692 rolls) Yakima Indians are located on rolls 672-679. FHL Film: 583130-583138

(Source of above: NARA# 1004)

Land Records[edit | edit source]

Yakima Tribe Land Allotment Act of 1887. Records 1887-1913 FHL film: 1028506

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1855 June 9, at Camp Stevens

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Births and Deaths 1925-1931 FHL film 583136

Yakima Agency[edit | edit source]

The agency representing the Yakama Indians for the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Yakima Agency. It is located at Toppenish, Washington. For additional history of this agency and an indication of the location of its records, click here.

Yakama Indian Nation -- BIA Agency
401 Fort Rd
Toppenish, WA 98948 1-509-865-2255‎

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published