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Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, the region became the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.
On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom. The socialist United National Independence Party maintained power from 1964 until 1991. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the National Independence Party as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation".
In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa is headquartered in Lusaka.
1964 - Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia
1964 - 1991 The socialist United National Independence Party maintained power
1990 - Riots accelerated and many protesters were killed by the regime in protests